Latin American is moving ever higher up to global business agenda. Companies turn up the volume in global growth and some economists define Peru as “upper middle income”.
Peru’s economy is one of the fastest growing in Latin America ad will at the rate of 6% in 2014. This is due tot the strong consumption and investment, and improving the conditions of external demand, which will reduce the negative contribution of the external sector.
Peru has staged a remarkable comeback from the difficult years of the 1980’s and 1990’s. According to the World Bank data, sine 2004 capita income rising from 5.530$ in purchasing power parity terms to 9.940$ in 2011.
The country has embarked on a series of reforms of which fiscal consolidation, trade openness, exchange rate flexibility, financial liberalization and prudent monetary policy have been key components.
Therefore, the core of the current sound economic performance of the country is a combination of:
- Macroeconomic stability
- Prudent fiscal spending
- High international reserve accumulation
- External debt reduction
- Achievement of investment grade status
- Fiscal surpluses
The Government of Peru aims to provide equal access to basic services, employment and social security. There is a regime of encouraging foreign investment in Peru, such as foreign investors and companies which participate have the same rights and obligations as nationals ones.
Another positive point to add for Peru’s economy is the signed agreement between the EU, Colombia and Peru, which will open up markets on both sides and increase the stability of the trade relationship.
This agreement trade is part of a comprehensive business strategy to turn Peru into an exporter and consolidated more markets for their products through a competitive export supply and promoting trade and investment. The main goal is to provide greater economic opportunities and more stability and legal for trade and investment. Moreover, is the only agreement which mentioned explicitly the existence about the AEO (Authorized Economic Operator) in both regions.
The EU is the third largest source of imports from Peru, mainly machinery and transport equipment, and the main destination of its exports. The trade has grown significantly in recent years and its volume has reached 9.8 billion euros in 2012, corresponding to 16% of the total volume of trade in Peru.